Though India is the land of heritage sites but UNESCO remarks 38 sites as world heritage
After the latest update of UNESCO, there are 38 world heritage sites listed in India which makes India among one of the top countries with the number of heritage sites. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization(UNESCO) selects world heritage sites from different parts of the world, which is a landmark of cultural, historical or other forms of significance. The Law of international treaties protects these sites as they are important to the collective interests of humanity.
This means these World Heritage Sites in India, are considered to be of immense cultural and natural importance in the world. Have a look and know what the world appreciates the most about our country.
A list of 38 World Heritage Sites in India
1. Ajanta Caves (Maharashtra) 1983
These are the 29 Rock-cut Cave Buddhist Monuments, were carved in the 2nd century BC out of a horseshoe-shaped cliff along the Waghhora River. Encompassing both Theravada and Mahayana Buddhist tradition, the Ajanta Cave preserve some of the best masterpieces of Buddhist art in India.
The style of Ajanta art and architecture made a revolutionary impact on the Indian art and architecture. This is remarkable in the sense of Indian classical art particularly related to the life of Buddha.
2. Ellora Caves (Maharashtra) 1983
This is a blend of religious art forms of Jainism, Buddhism and Hinduism practices. There are 34 Rock-cut architecture in which monasteries and temples that were built into the rocks of the basalt cliffs. This site is notable for its reflection of the ancient civilization of India from 600 to 1000 AD.
The Ellora caves are an important World Heritage and archaeological sites in India. The presence of temples and sculptures portray of different sects at one place shows the tolerance.
3. Agra Fort (U.P) 1983
Agra Fort is one of the most important monumental structures built by the Mughal empire. This is the best example of the fusion of the Persian art of Timurid and the Indian forms of architecture. Badal Singh, a Hindu Shikarwar Rajput king originally built a brick monument. The Present structure of Agra Fort modified during Akbar era, and built from red stone.
The Agra Fort includes a number of monuments like Khas Mahal, Sheesh Mahal, Muhamaan Burie, Diwan-e-Khas, Diwan-e-Aam, Moti Masjid and Nagina Masjid. It is situated at the bank of River Yamuna.
4. Taj Mahal (U.P) 1983
The most remarkable architecture of the entire world, recognized as one of seven wonders of the world. Taj Mahal is a notable tourist attraction not only in India but also all over the world. This is a mausoleum and funerary mosque. Shahjahan commissioned the white marble Mughal architecture on the bank of river Yamuna.
It is the best example of Mughal architecture worldwide and the “Jewel of Muslim art in India”. This is the most famous monument and world heritage sight in India. This is the incredible symbol of love in the world.
5. Sun Temple Konark (Odisha) 1984
The temple is in the shape of gigantic chariot of Sun with details including walls, pillars and carved stone wheels. This is the best example of Kalinga Architecture. It included in seven wonders of India and also known as Black Pagoda. King Narasimhadeva I of the Ganga Dynasty commissioned this Sun Temple in around 1250 AD.
It is the largest Brahmin sanctuaries in India. This temple is built at the mouth of the river Chandrabhaga, but the waterline receded since then. This is also the most attractive pilgrimage in Odisha, India.
6. Group of monuments at Mahabalipuram (Tamil Nadu) 1984
These group of monuments includes The Pancha Rathas Temples, Ganesh Ratha, Cave Temples, and Structural Temples. This is famous for the Largest Open-Air Rock Relief, Chariot temples, Mandapas all carved from rock. This collection is the best example of the Pallava Dynasty Architecture.
The group of monuments includes 40 sanctuaries and the largest open-air rock relief as Ganga’s Descent. Pallava rulers built these temples. This is an ancient example of rock-cut architecture in India.
7. Kaziranga National Park (Assam) 1985
The Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the province of Assam in India and is one of the untouched natural areas in India. Lord Curzon initiated the protection of endangered Rhinoceros when his wife urged. This park lies on the plain of the Brahmaputra river and consists mainly of dense grasslands. Kaziranga contains about 15 endangered Indian faunal Species in which Rhino is the most endangered.
It was became reserved forest in 1908, renamed as Kaziranga wildlife sanctuary in 1950 and became a national park in 1974. This area is remarkable for being the habitat of the largest population of Indian Rhino. Other mammals such as Tiger, Capped Langur, Hoolock Gibbon, Leopard Sloth Bear, Otter, Sambar Deer, Swamp Deer, Hog Deer, Indian muntjac, Dolphin, Water Buffalo, Gaur, and Wild Boar.
8. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (Assam) 1985
Manas Wildlife sanctuary is a protected wildlife reserve located on the border area of Ind-Bhutan in the Assam. It is on the gentle slope in the foothills of the Himalaya. The name of the park is after the Manas River which is a major tributary of Brahmaputra River and passed through the heart of the national park. It declared a sanctuary in 1928 and became the Biosphere reserve in 1973. There is only one forest village in the core of the national park and 56 more villages surround the park which directly and indirectly depends on the park.
There are two biomes present in Manas are The grassland biomes and the forest biomes. A total of 543 plant species have been recorded from the core zone. The Sanctuary has 55 mammals, 380 birds, 50 reptiles and 3 amphibians. Manas also hosts more than 450 species of birds.
9. Keoladeo National Park (Rajasthan) 1985
One of the most famous attractions, Bharatpur Bird sanctuary is also known as Keoladeo National park. This is Man-made wetland Bird Sanctuary, stay for Siberian Cranes and also home of 366 different species of birds. It’s also known for being the wintering and nesting sites for several none- indigenous migratory birds. Besides birds, there are 379 floral species, 50 species of fish, 13 species of snake, 7 species of lizard, 7 species of amphibians, 7 species of turtle, and a variety of other invertebrates present here.
This site is already a protected sanctuary since 1971 before listed under UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1985. This place is a reminder of the rich biological heritage of India.
10. Fatehpur Sikri, (Uttar Pradesh) 1986
Fatehpur Sikri is a small city just 40km west of Agra in Uttar Pradesh. It founded by the Great Mughal emperor Akbar during 16 century. This was a short-lived capital of the Mughal empire between 1572 to 1585. Red sandstone building cluster at its centre. Buland Darwaza (Gate of Victory) built-in memory of Gujrat victory, is the entrance to Jama masjid and the marble tomb of Salim Chisti is also nearby. This is a magnificent fortified ancient city.
Akbar visited the village of Sikri to consult the great Sufi saint Shaikh Salim Chisti, who predicted the birth of an heir to the Mughal throne. When the prophecy came true, Akbar built his new capital here.
11. Khajuraho Group of Monuments, (M.P.) 1986
The Khajuraho Group of Monument is a group of Hindu and Jain temples in Chhatarpur district of Madhya Pradesh, India. These temples are famous for their Nagara style architecture and erotic sculpture. There are a total of 85 temples built within this complex but only 24 or 25 survived. It was inscribed by UNESCO as artistic proof of Indian culture.
These monuments built between 950 to 1050 by kings of the Chandela dynasty. The Khajuraho group of temples built together but dedicated to the two religions, suggesting a tradition of acceptance and respect for different religious views.
12. Churches and Convents of Goa, (Goa) 1986
Churches and Convents is one of the main glories of Goa, they are spread all around the old Goa. In this place, only a few people live now, but it is hard to imagine that once there were 2 lakh inhabitants. There are religious buildings that have survived in the form of churches and convents.
The Old Goa was the capital of the Portuguese Indies from 1565 and left in 1760 due to the malaria outbreak. Now this is an archaeological site and its churches and convents come under the UNESCO world heritage sites.
13. Group of Monuments at Hampi, (Karnataka) 1986
Hampy, traditionally known as Pampakshetra of Kiskindha, located on the southern bank of river Tungabhadra in Karnataka. This is the former capital and ruin city of mighty Vijaynagara Empire. Most of the structures at Hampi constructed from local granite, burnt bricks and lime mortar. These architecture are famous for its adoption of elements of Indo Islamic Architecture. The battle of Talikota led to a massive destruction of its physical fabrics.
Hampi has approx 500 of monuments and other attractions like Virupaksha Temple, Hampi Bazaar, Achyuta Raya’s Temple, Hazara Rama Temple, Mahanavami Dibba and Zenana Enclosure. In 1500 AD Vijayanagara had 5 lakes inhabitants. A large number of royal buildings were constructed by Krishnadeva Raya, the greatest ruler of the dynasty.
14. Group of Monuments at Pattadakal, (Karnataka) 1986
Pattadakal is the symbol of the high point of a magnificent art under the Chalukyas dynasty during the 7th to 8th centuries. This is an impressive series of nine Hindu temples, as well as Jain Sanctuary. All nine temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The oldest temple is Sangamesshwara temple, built during king Vijayaditya.
Pattadakal, the ‘City of the Crown Rubies’ (Pattada Kisuvolal) reflects the fusion of two major Indian architectural styles, one from north India (Rekha Nagara Prasada) and other from south India (Dravida Vamana).
15. Elephanta Cave, (Maharashtra) 1987
Rock-cut art and architecture from the medieval era of Indian culture present at the Northeast of the Gateway of India in Mumbai Harbor on Gharapuri, better known as Elephanta Island. The main temple dedicated to Lord Shiva is magnificent artwork of courtyard, halls, pillars and shrines; its main attraction is 6m tall statue of Sadhashiva, depicting three faces as creator, preserver and destroyer of the universe.
There are two groups of caves on this site; on consists of five Hindu caves and the other consists of two Buddhist caves. The group of caves underwent renovation in 1970 and was listed as World Heritage site to further aid in its preservation effort.
16. Great Living Chola Temples, (Tamil Nadu) 1987
The set of three temples; the Brihadisvara Temple at Tanjavur, the Temple of Gangaikonda Cholapuram and the Airavatesvara Temple at Darasuram. All were constructed by rulers of the Chola Empire in Tamil Nadu during the 11th to 12th centuries. Great Living Chola Temples are remarkable and learn us about culture, people and tradition of a magnificent era of the Chola dynasty.
The most visited temples in Tamil Nadu
- The Brihadesvara Temple: A Hindu Temple devoted to Shiva, built by Raja Raja Chola I. It is one of the largest temples in South India.
- Gangaikonda Cholapuram: This magnificent temple built by Rajendra Chola I after conquering the Ganges and also proclaimed it as the capital of his kingdom. The main deity of the temple is Shiva but some deities as Durga, Surya and Vishnu are also present there.
- Airavatesvara Temple: It built by Rajendra Chola II. This masterpiece is an architectural marvel with the chariot Structure that has intricate carving and sculpting done by talented artisans. It is also dedicated to Shiva.
17. Sundarbans National Park, (West Bengal) 1987
Sundarbans National Park is the largest mangrove forest in the world, present in India and Bangladesh. It is located at the South-Eastern tip of the 24 Paraganas district of West Bengal. It got the name after, one of the mangroves plants, known as Sundari. This is an important natural gift for India.
This is a National park, a tiger reserve and a biosphere reserve in India. It is a great choice of every tiger lover who coming to India for catching the mightiest glimpses of this creature along the Ganges delta. A world Heritage site in India, the Sunderbans covers 4624 sq area in India.
18. Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks, (Uttarakhand) 1988
The Nanda Devi is a towering marvel of nature surrounded by Nanda Devi National park. A unique mix of flora and fauna is the fundamental characteristic of the park which makes it one of the most spectacular wilderness areas in the Himalayas. It is the habitat of several endangered mammals, especially the Snow Leopard, Himalayan Musk, Deer and Bharal.
The Park lies in Chamoli district, within the Garhwal Himalaya nearby Rishi Ganga, a tributary of Dhauli Ganga which flows into the Alakhnanda River at Joshimath. The area of a vast glacial basin, divided by a series of parallel, north-south oriented ridges. These rise up to the encircling mountains rim along which are about a dozen picks.
19. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi,(M.P.) 1989
Buddhist complex of Sanchi is famous for its one of the oldest and greatest Stupa on a hilltop at Sanchi Town. One of the best-conserved Stupas, with its four ornamental Torana and gateways, attract visitors from all over the world to this day who spend hours at sites marvelling at this Buddhist architectural masterpiece and richness of its sculptures.
One of the oldest surviving stone structures in India and a specimen of Buddhist architecture. It is commissioned by the great Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE, which was a simple brick structure with the relics of Lord Buddha placed in a central chamber. This is a landmark of Indian architecture starting with the Mauryan Period.
20. Humayun’s Tomb, (Delhi) 1993
One of the most splendid tombs built in Delhi during the Mughal Empire and it is an excellent example of Persian architecture. It is the first Garden Tomb in the Indian subcontinents. Owing to its magnificent design and illustrious history, Humayun’s Tomb featured in UNESCO’s World Heritage List.
The Humayun’s Tomb commissioned for construction in the year of 1569-70, after the death of Humayun, by his widow Hamida Banu Begum. It is one of the very few structures that used red sandstone on such a massive scale at that time. The design of Humayun’s Tomb conceptualized by a Persian architect Mirak Mirza Ghiyath.
21. Qutub Minar and its Monuments, (Delhi) 1993
The Qutub Minar is a 73-meter high tower of victory, built by Qutab-ud-din Aibak in 1193. This tower is made immediately after the defeat of the last Hindu king of Delhi. It is an iconic monument that spells out the narrative of Delhi like no other. It forms a Qutub complex comprising the Quwwat-ul -Islam Mosque, Alai Darwaza, Alai Minar, Ala-ud-din’s Madrasa and Tomb, Iron Pillar, Tomb of Imam Zamin, Sanderson’s Sundial and Major Smith’s Cupola.
A UNESCO World Site in India, Qutub Minar in Delhi is a towering landmark which never fails to fascinate visitors. This is an architectural masterpiece that boasts of being the world’s tallest brick tower and has remained so for more than 800 years.
22. Mountain Railways of India,(TamilNadu)1999,2005&2008
The Mountain Railway of India is the best example of vivid and futuristic engineering solutions for the dilemma of establishing an effective rail link through a uneven, mountainous terrain of great beauty. This is the only reason- the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, and Kalka- Shimla Railway, are designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2005.
Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (Toy Train)
It is a narrow-gauge railway based on zig-zag and loop-line that runs between New Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling in West Bengal. It runs over about 83 Km long track. A British engineer Franklin Prestage built this phenomenal hill passenger Railway in 1881. Northeast Frontier Railway operates this tourist hill railway.
2. Nilgiri Mountain Railway
This is a 46 Km long meter-gauge single-track railway in TamilNadu. This railway is scaling an elevation of 326 m to 2,203 m and represented the latest technology of the time. It is owned by Southern Railway Zone and operated by the Salem railway division.
3. Kalka- Shimla Railway
A narrow-gauge railway in North-West India travelling along a mostly mountainous route from Kalka to Shimla. It is famous for breath-taking views of hills and the surrounding village. It is built by HS Harington and operated by Northern Railway.
23. Mahabodhi Temple Complex, (Bihar) 2002
Mahabodhi Temple is one of the remarkable examples of ancient Indian brickwork architecture. The present temple is one of the earliest and most imposing structure built in the late Gupta period. It is one of the four pilgrimage sites for Buddhists in the Indian sub-continent. This was added to the list of UNESCO world heritage sites in India as it is considered a fine piece of Indian brickwork.
The Bodhi Tree
The temple complex has direct associations with the life of the Lord Buddha (566-486 BC) as the place where he attained the supreme and perfect insight while seated under the Bodhi Tree. Emperor Ashoka made a pilgrimage to this spot around 260 BC and built the first temple at the site of Bodhi Tree. This complex consists of various stupas and statues of Lord Buddha, with the gold-painted idol being the most sought after. The most important of sacred places is the giant Bodhi tree.
Buddhism originated in India and Bodh Gaya was where Siddhartha attained enlightenment and became Gautam Buddha. This complex is sacred for both Hindu and Buddhist visitors, as Buddha was considered to be an “avatar” of the Hindu deities ” Lord Vishnu”.
24. Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka, (M.P.) 2003
Rock shelters of Bhimbetka is one of the earliest evidence of human existence in Indian subcontinents. The rock shelters and caves paintings also help to interpret the human settlement and culture evolution. The cave painting shows themes such as animals, dancing and hunting, but some geometric figures also added in later periods. It is the oldest archaeological site that spans prehistoric (about 10,0000 years ago) Paleolithic and Mesolithic period.
There are 750 rock shelters have identified in the foothills of the Vindhya Mountains on the southern edge of the central Indian plateau. The rock shelters and caves of Bimbetka added as UNESCO World Heritage sites in India in 2003 considered as one of the oldest rock art and paintings.
25. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus(Maharashtra) 2004
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminal (CST), formerly known as Victoria Terminus. It is a great example of the Indo-Gothic style of architecture in India located in the heart of Mumbai. Designed by British architect F.W. Stevens, the structure became a symbol of Bombay (Mumbai) and the city labelled as Gothic city. UNESCO declared CST a world heritage site in 2004 considered as a historical landmark of British Raj.
Its remarkable stone dome, turrets, pointed arc and eccentric ground plane are the are closed to traditional Indian palace architecture. It is an exceptional example of a reunion of two or more cultures. The terminal took 10 years to build completely, starting in 1878. This was the first terminus station in the Indian subcontinent. It become a commercial palace representing the economic wealth of the nation.
26. Champaner Pavagadh Archaeological Park,(Gujrat) 2004
Champaner Pavagadh Archaeological Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Sites, is present in the Panchmahal district in Gujrat, India. It is located around the historical city of Champaner, which was founded by Vanraj Chavda most prominent king of the Chavda Dynasty. It is an Archaeological Park with its ancient Hindu architecture, temples and special water-retaining installations together with its religious, military, and architectural structures.
This structure is an outstanding example of the meeting of Hindu-Moslem architecture, mainly in the Great Mosque ( Jama Masjid). The Campaner Pavagadh Archaeological park is magnificent, as it is a very live capital. This park is a place of worship and a continuous pilgrimage for Hindu.
27. Red Fort Complex, (Delhi) 2007
Red Fort Complex is the most prominent historical monument, built as the palace of Shahjahanabad in Delhi, India. This was the residence of Mughal Emperors till 1857. A great Architecture Ustad Ahmad Lahori designed this Indo-Islamic architecture in 1639. This fort is considered to represent the zenith of Mughal creativity under Shahjahan. Although the fort planned according to Islamic prototypes, each pavilion contains architectural elements typical of Mughal buildings that reflect a fusion of Persian, Timurid, and Hindu tradition.
Red Fort is also a national symbol, as Prime minister of India hoists the “National Flag” at the main gate of the fort and addresses their countrymen from its ramparts on the grand occasion of Independence Day every year. Dalmia Bharat group, Which is also responsible for the protection of 90 other national level heritage sites and Indian cultural properties manage The Red Fort Complex. As a UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Red Fort Complex become a symbol of the magnificent historical architecture of the world.
28. The Jantar Mantar, (Rajasthan) 2010
One of my favourite Monument in India, Jantar Mantar ( Jaipur) is a fascinating astronomical observatory, located at the heart of the city. It is a great Representation of ancient Indian science and culture. This is a collection of nineteen architectural astronomical instruments, features the world largest stone sundial and UNESCO World Heritage site. The observatory is an example of the Ptolemaic positional astronomy which was shared by ancient Indian civilizations. These astronomical instruments allow us to interpret astronomical positions of celestial bodies with a necked eye and calculate local time.
Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II constructed five astronomical complexes in different parts of the country: Jaipur, Mathura, Delhi, Ujjain and Varanasi. The Jantar Mantar (Jaipur) is the largest observatory in the World. Enumerated as World Heritage Site by UNESCO, Jantar Mantar (Jaipur) attracts Architects, mathematicians, geographer and Historians. It is a great place to visit.
29. Western Ghats (2012)
Western Ghats, a major global biodiversity hotspot in the world, extends along the west coast of the Indian peninsula, traversing the state of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra, and Gujarat. It is a Sahyadri Mountain range that covers an area of 140,000 sq. Km in stretch of 1600 Km. It contains a large proportion of the country’s flora and fauna. There are 39 areas in the Western Ghats, including national parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries and reserve forests, designated as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2012.
One of the oldest and vast mountain range is the Emerald Jewel of India. The forests in the Western Ghats are the waters tower of peninsula India as 58 major rivers originate here. The Ghats not only sustain 50 million people but also home to about 4000 species of flowering plants, 645 species of trees, 500 species of birds, 120 species of mammals and many reptiles, butterflies and fishes. This the best place to visit for nature-loving people.
30. Hill Forts of Rajasthan 2013
These are the group of six forts, present in the undulating terrain of the Aravali Range. The majestic hills fort are UNESCO World Heritage Site include Chittorgarh Fort, Kumbhalgarh Fort, Jaisalmer Fort, Ranthambore Fort, Gagron Fort, and Amber Fort. Built between the 5th to 18th centuries, symbolize the fortified power of Rajputana. Hillforts are the magnificent example of Architecture, Military significance and patronage of art and culture in Rajputana princely states.
This is an exceptional example of an unbeatable hill fort, which survive the several attacks. Chittorgarh Fort is the symbol of legendary sacrifice, honour, and pride of the royal Rajputana. Built by the Mori dynasty in the 7th century.
This magnificent structure is famous for its wall, as it has the second largest wall after the Great Wall of China. This fort is a unique sample of military defence and architecture. The great Rajput warrior Maharana Pratap was born here. Built-in 15 century by Rana Kumbha.
One of the largest hill forts in the world built by Rajput ruler Rao Jaisal in 1156 AD. This golden- sandstone fort is also known as Sonar Quila.
Due to the long history, nobody has been able to trace back exactly when Ranthambore Fort was built. Nowadays it is the part of Ranthambore National Park. There is a Ganesha temple within the temple attracts the tourists from all over the country.
Amber Fort is the most visited magnificent fort in India. Maze like passage and serpentine staircase is an architectural masterpiece of this historical structure. Amer Fort is clad in pink and yellow sandstone. Built by Maharaja Man Singh I in 1592.
Gagron Fort is the only hill and water fort in Rajasthan, one of 12 kinds of Vedic fort architecture known as JalDurg.
31. Rani ki vav, (Gujrat) 2014
India is a land of monuments dedicated to lovers. Rani ki vav is also a symbol of love, but it stands as an exceptional case as it built in the loving memory of Bhimdev I by his widow queen Uayamati around 1080 AD. Being a prominent attraction of Gujarat, the architecture and history relevance of this beautiful step-well is definitely incomparable.
Rani ki vav was constructed during the rule of the Chalukya Dynasty. It is the finest and largest example of Step-well architecture in Gujarat. The Maru- Gurjara architecture style of the step-well gave it a legendary and remarkable outlook. It has been listed as one of the UNESCO World Heritage sites in India since 2014.
32. Great Himalaya National Park, (Himachal Pradesh) 2014
Great Himalayan National parks (GHNP) is one of the Seven Natural sites, listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. This park locates in the Kullu region in the state of Himachal Pradesh. It is the habitat of numerous flora and more than 375 fauna species. Protection guidelines of the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 strictly follows throughout the Park.
The high altitude ecosystem of this park has common plant elements with the adjacent Western and Central Asiatic region. This landmass is the part of gigantic fold mountains of Himalaya, which formed by the collision of Gondwanaland and Laurasia. Due to the meeting of Gondwanaland and Asiatic landmasses, the exchange of flora and fauna as possible. GHNP became ultimately diverse and unique bio-geographical land for visitors of the world.
33. Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara,(Bihar) 2016
It is not only a tourist place, but also a most inspirational place ever. The Nalanda Mahavihara, UNESCO world heritage sites in India consists of the archaeological remains of a monastic and scholastic institution dating from 3rd century BCE to 13th century CE. The Most ancient university in the world where great leaders, philosophers and learners of Indian subcontinent engaged in the organized transmission of knowledge over an uninterrupted period of 800 years.
This archaeological site includes stupas, shrines, viharas and important artworks in stucco, stone, and metal. It is a magnificent example of outstanding universal values. Nalanda’s traditional history dates to the time of Buddha as well as Mahavira. The sites testify to the development of Buddhism into a religion.
34. khangchendzonga National Park, (Sikkim) 2016
Khangchendzonga National Park, Only UNESCO World heritage sites in India on Mixed criteria, recognizing its phenomenal significant natural and cultural heritage. Beauty plays in the lap of Himalaya Range, this park is the combination of attraction of mountain peaks and heritage of rich biodiversity. This park has over 19 mountain peaks including world third-highest, Mt. khangchendzonga (also called Kanchenjunga) towering at a height of 8586 meters.
Kanchenjunga National Park is also a Biosphere Reserve, got its name after the Highest peak in the park. It has a religious implication and so, look after piously by local people. Sikkimese people worship Khangchendzonga as their Guardian deity whose divine grace on the land ensures peace and prosperity.
35. Architectural Work of Le Corbusier,(Chandigarh) 2016
An outstanding architectural work of Le Corbusier, makes Chandigarh capitol complex incredible in the modern architectural world. The Complex du capital in Chandigarh (India) is the part of masterpieces of creative genius across the planet. The structure at this UNESCO World heritage sites in India include three buildings, the Legislative Assembly, the Secretariat, the High Court, and a Lake.
The Complex du capitol was Le Corbusier’s largest project where he tested his modernist theory. It was built in 1950, after India’s independence when Chandigarh was being planned and developed.
36. Historical city of Ahmedabad (Gujrat) 2017
The Historical walled city of Ahmadabad has been honoured as the nation’s first UNESCO World Heritage City. It founded by Ahmad Shah I of Gujarat Sultanate in 1411. The historic city guarded by stone walls with elaborately carved columns and arches and ornate gates. The city presents a spectacular architectural heritage from the sultanate period, primarily the Bhadra citadel, walls and gates of the Fort city and numerous mosques and Hindu-Jain tombs.
The richness of architecture present in Ahmadabad is the cause of early cultural fusion of Hindi and Muslim elements. This city holds the rare distinction of being one of the oldest trading points in India and also the centre of Indian freedom struggle under Mahatma Gandhi.
37. The Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble,(Maharastra) 2018
These buildings were included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India in 2018. The Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble is a collection of Victorian Neo-Gothic public buildings of the 19th century and Art Deco buildings of the 20th century. These buildings are a majestic example of the modernization of Mumbai during the British era.
The Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensemble exhibit an important exchange of European and human values over a span of time. These reflect the developments in architecture and urban planning over two centuries.
38. Jaipur,(Rajasthan) 2019
The fortified city of Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan. Rajput King Sawai Jai Singh II founded the pink city in 1727. This city was established on the plain and built according to the grid pattern interpreted in the light of Vedic architecture. The city’s urban planning shows an exchange of ideas from ancient Hindu and modern Mughal as well as Western cultures.
Jaipur is a popular tourist destination and commercial trade centre connected with major road, rail, and air connections. The old city of Jaipur surrounded by walls and gates decorated withdrawing on the backdrop of a beautiful pink hue. The pink city successfully manages to retain its old-world charm.