Indians are fascinated by Moon since ancient days and now we are ready to land on the Moon. Chandrayaan is the mission toward that dream. ‘Chandrayaan’ in Sanskrit means moon craft. Our former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee announced the mission Chandrayaan on 15th August 2003.
Mission Chandrayaan dream of Innovative India
India is going to launch the second Moon Mission on July 15, aiming to land near the southern pole an unexplored area. Only the USA, Russia, and China have made the successful lunar landing. There are six successful moon mission that have helped humankind get closer to their only natural Satellite.
Luna 2 (USSR) Launched 12 Sept 1959
Luna program was a series of robotic spacecraft missions sent to the moon by the USSR from 1959 to 1976. The first spacecraft to land on another heavenly body transmitted information that helped scientists confirm the earth’s only permanent natural satellite has no magnetic field and that the radiation levels on its surface. On 4 Oct 1959, the USSR’s LUNA 3 prob took first photographs of the Moon.
Luna 16 (USSR) Launched 12 Sept 1970
Luna 16 was the first robotic mission to land on the moon, collect samples of dust and rock, and return to the earth with samples. This is the first spacecraft land in the lunar darkness.
Ranger 7 (USA) Launched 28 July 1964
The Ranger program was a series of unmanned space missions by the USA in the 1960s whose objective was to obtain the first close-up image of the surface of the moon. NASA’s Spacecraft went in with cameras blazing and captured more than 4000 photos in the 17 minutes before it collides with the moon’s surface. Image from Ranger 9, showed that the moon’s surface is Rough.
Apollo 8 (USA) Launched 21 Dec 1968
The Apollo program designed to land humans on the Moon surface and bring them safely back to the Earth. Six of the Apollo missions succeeded in this goal. Apollo 8 was the first mission with Astronauts Frank Borman, James Lovell and William Anders orbited the moon and returned to the Earth.
Apollo 11 (USA) Launched 16 Jul 1969
The first-ever landing of humans on the moon surface, Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin became the first men to land on the moon. They returned with 20 Kg of sample. After that five more landings of humans on the moon took place.
Chandrayaan 1 (India) Launched 22 Oct 2008
Chandrayaan 1 was India’s first satellite to leave earth’s orbit weighted 1304 Kg with the help of PSLV. This lunar craft orbits around the moon 100 Km from the moon surface. ISRO invited and selected suitable scientific payloads from the international arena. Chanrayaan 1 helped NASA discover water on the moon.
- RADOM from Bulgarian Academy of Science.
- MiniSAR, M3 from NASA (USA)
- C1XS, SIR-2, SARA payload from European Space Agency
Chanddrayaan 2 (India) Launched 15 Jul 2019 (Exp.)
Chandrayaan 2 will be India’s second mission to the moon. ISRO launched this mission using GSLV MK III on Jul 22, 2019. It consists of an Orbiter, lander (Vikram), and the moon rover (Pragyan), where the rover would move on six wheels on the lunar surface collect samples of soil or rocks, do a chemical analysis, and send data to the spacecraft.
Chandrayaan 2 is India’s second mission to the moon to study water molecules on the lunar surface. The proof of which was discovered by Chandrayaan 1 with the help of NASA in 2009.
Unfortunately, Chandrayaan’s Vikram Lander, approaching the historic landing, lost contact with his orbiter, causing it to lose contact with ISRO’s laboratory, and the mission remained incomplete as a failed attempt. ISRO has continuously updated and made people aware of its success and failure.
Though this mission was an unsuccessful attempt for the people, but this mission made the world stand in the world as India’s space power. Therefore, we Indians will always be proud of this effort.