Career opportunities after 12th in India

India is a developing country, so every student has a plethora of career opportunities. You need to set a goal and select a career option. The best career option is a myth, As you can make ” career after 12th” the best with your determination and hard work.

Believe! The streams you have decided or opted after 10th, all streams are special and have similar opportunities not only in India but also in the world. I will clarify all these streams separately one by one in this article. This webpage will provide the best guidance for career after 12th.

In my Words “Education is the most powerful assets I earned.” Perhaps this quote tells you everything that you want to know from your life. Yes! Everyone has to decide their career, If you couldn’t do, so you will never be what you want.

Everyone need career guidance, but it doesn’t mean you should be dependent upon any guide. A councillor will make your path visible only, not that set a Vision for your Life.

Table of Contents

Career After 12th in science

Hello Science Learners,


A Hand Pick Guide for you that make big difference, while you go to set a target Engineering/Medical or any other career opportunity in future.

Higher Educations for Career after 12th

There are an estimated 900 universities and over 41,000 colleges in the country providing higher education and teaching a plenty of subjects. You will be happy to know that you are appropriate for any of the courses provided by universities.

Note:- It is not possible to describe detailed info in one article, So I will publish a series of articles for a complete analysis 1.Career after 12th in Commerce and 2. Career after 12th in Arts.

Technical/Non-Technical Courses for Career after 12th Science Stream.


There are two career option for Science with PCM are; 1. Technical Courses and 2. Non-Technical Courses.

Engineering:- Report of a survey conducted by the NCAER (National Council for Advanced Economic Research) says that Engineering is the most demanded course in India.



A course in Aeronautical Engineering includes the designing, manufacturing, testing and maintenance of aircraft in commercial aviation and defence sectors and involves the study of advanced level Physics and Mathematics.

Eligibility Undergraduate Level:
10+2 examination with Physics, Mathematics, Chemistry



Aerospace engineering is the branch of engineering which deals with the research, design, development, construction, testing, of aircraft and spacecraft.

It is divided into two major and overlapping branches: aeronautical engineering related with aircrafts in the earth’s atmosphere, and astronautical engineering that deals with spacecraft that operate outside the earth’s atmosphere.

Eligibility Undergraduate Level: Level 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics or equivalent examination. The IITs consider score of JEE and other institutions have their separate entrance exams.



Architecture is the science that deals with planning, designing, safety, affordability, and supervision of construction works for houses, office buildings, skyscrapers, landscapes, or entire cities.


10+2 level with Science Stream
The IITs consider score of JEE and other institutions have their separate entrance exams.



Artificial Intelligence belongs to a field of science and engineering in which studies and research aim to develop intelligent computer machines that can perform tasks with human intelligence.

It includes speech recognition, visual perception, logic and decision, multi-language translation and more. Digital bits of data is interpreted and turned into significant experiences and outcomes with aid/assistance of robotics, automation and sophisticated computer software and programs.


10+2 Science After, B Tech, valid GATE scores is required for M. Tech. CS/AI/IT, IC Technology and Bioinformatics


Astronomy is a combination of physics, chemistry and mathematical principles/rules. Astrophysics can be called its offshoot. It deals with a detailed study of the physical, chemical and dynamic properties of celestial objects.

It also deals with the phenomena over and above Earth’s atmosphere. There is associated study of calculations of orbits, gravitational forces, satellites, meteors, galaxies, comets, stars, planetary objects, planets, satellites etc.

In Astrophysics, we explore and ensure properties/nature of the astronomical objects with the help of laws of physics and chemistry. There is also the field of Cosmology which studies the origin and evolution of the universe.

Eligibility: (10+2) with Science from any recognized board of India



The study of automotive engineering is to design, develop, fabricate, and test vehicles or vehicle components from the concept stage to production stage by incorporating various elements of engineering such as mechanical, electrical, electronic, software and safety engineering.

Eligibility: 10+2 with Science for B. Tech / B.E courses percentage of marks in Science subjects as specified is required to qualify the engineering competitive exam.



Chemical Engineering is the design and maintenance of chemical plants and the development of chemical processes for converting raw materials or chemicals into valuable forms including those used to remove chemicals from waste materials, to enable largescale manufacture. It combines knowledge of Chemistry and Engineering for the production of chemicals and related by-products.

This branch of engineering is a varied field, covering areas from biotechnology and nanotechnology to mineral processing. It covers various fields of chemical technology in mineral-based industries, petrochemical plants, pharmaceuticals, synthetic fibres, petroleum refining plants etc. Chemical engineers design and operate chemical plants and improve methods of production.

Eligibility: 10+2 pass with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics from a recognized board of examination. Most of the colleges offer admission on the basis of score obtained in national/state level entrance test.



Civil Engineering involves planning, designing and executing structural works. The course deals with a wide variety of engineering tasks including designing, supervision and construction activities of public works like roads, bridges, tunnels, buildings, airports, dams, waterworks, sewage systems, ports etc. and offers a multitude of challenging career opportunities.

A civil engineer is responsible for planning and designing a project, constructing the project to the required scale, and maintenance of the product.
The major specialisations within civil engineering are structural, water resources, environmental, construction, transportation, geotechnical engineering etc.

Eligibility: 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as core subjects.



Computer Science Engineering involves both computer science and electronics engineering. It includes testing and designing of computer components. There are two types of computer engineers. Computer software engineers and computer hardware engineers.

Eligibility: (10+2) with Physics, Maths and Chemistry. For IITs, It is mandatory to qualify in the Joint Entrance Examinations (J.E.E). The duration for this course is 4 years.



Electrical and electronics engineering is about the use of technology ranging from global positioning systems to electrical power generators. These engineers are responsible for designing, developing, testing as well as supervising the production of electrical and electronic equipment and machinery.

Specialization in Electrical and electronics engineering include areas like power generation, transmission and distribution; communications; manufacture of electrical equipment etc. or one particular speciality within these areas; e.g. industrial robot control systems or aviation electronics.

There are Microwave engineers who produce radar, communications, and fibres optics systems. Communications and signal processing as in CD players and high definition TV. Electrical engineers also design and implement automatic control systems such as aeroplane guidance and autopilot system.

Eligibility: Pass in Higher Secondary (10+2) or its equivalent (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics)



Electronics and Communication Engineering deal with electronic devices and software interfaces. It helps to increase productivity in various industries such as oil, energy, agriculture, and telecommunication media including television, radio and computers. The course is also applied to many other important sectors such as steel, petroleum and chemical industries; healthcare industry; and the transportation industry.

Eligibility: (10+2) examination with Physics, Maths and Chemistry. For IITs, It is mandatory to qualify in the Joint Entrance Examinations (J.E.E). The duration for the course is 4 years.



Ceramic engineering is the science and technology of creating objects from inorganic, non-metallic materials. As ceramics are heat resistant, they are used in a wide range of industries, including mining, aerospace, medicine, refinery, food and chemical industries, packaging science, electronics, industrial and transmission electricity, and guided lightwave transmission.

Eligibility: (10+2) examination with Physics, Maths and Chemistry. For IITs, It is mandatory to qualify in the Joint Entrance Examinations (J.E.E). The duration for the course is 4 years.



Even though the term industrial engineering is originally applied to manufacturing, it has extended its service to fields like operations research, systems engineering, ergonomics and quality engineering.

Industrial engineering is also known as Operations management, Production Engineering, Manufacturing Engineering or Manufacturing Systems Engineering.

In healthcare, Industrial Engineers are more commonly known as Management Engineers or Health Systems Engineers.

Eligibility: (10+2) with Maths, Physics, Chemistry from any recognized board of India.



Instrumentation engineering is a branch of electrical and electronics engineering that deals with the study of engineering principles and procedures of computing instruments used in designing and assembling automated systems.

Eligibility: (10+2) with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as core subjects. Students must go through entrance exams such as JEE (Main) & JEE (Advanced) for admissions to B. Tech. courses



Manufacturing Science and Engineering is the production of goods for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.

Applied to industrial production, raw materials are transformed into finished goods on a large scale to be used for manufacturing other, more complex products, such as aircraft, household appliances or automobiles.

Eligibility: 10+2 or equivalent,
The candidate must have a valid Joint Entrance Examination score.



Marine engineering deals with the nautical architecture and science and basically is meant for research conducted in oceans, coastal or inland waters connected to the sea. Marine engineers have the entire responsibility of the ship’s technical management.

Eligibility: (10+2) with Physics, Maths and chemistry. For IITs, it is mandatory to qualify in the Joint Entrance Examinations (J.E.E). The duration of this course is 4 years.



Mechanical engineering deals with the application of the principles of mechanics and energy to design machines and devices right from automobiles, trucks, aeroplanes to trains tractors, fax machines or even power plants.
Robotic inspection systems, Cryogenic technology, Laser material processing are also some new emerging areas of study.

Eligibility: (10+2) with Physics, Maths and Chemistry. For IITs, It is mandatory to qualify in the Joint Entrance Examinations. The duration of the course is 4 years.



Metallurgy is a field of materials science and of materials engineering that deals with the physical and chemical behaviour of metallic elements and their mixtures called alloys.

Eligibility: (10+2) in Science with Physics, Chemistry and Maths



Meteorology deals in atmospheric studies to know and predict weather and climate. It is the examination of the atmospheric and climate conditions affecting the earth and its population.

Eligibility: (10+2) in Science with Physics, Chemistry and Maths



Mining engineering, also referred to as mineral engineering, deals with the study of the techniques to extract and process minerals from their natural surroundings.

A mining engineer has to study ore reserve analysis, operations and planning, mine health and safety, drilling, blasting, ventilation and related topics.

Eligibility: (10+2) Physics, Maths and Chemistry. For IITs, it is mandatory to qualify in the Joint Entrance Examinations (JEE). The duration of the course is 4 years.



The course in Naval Architecture primarily relates to the design, construction or maintenance of all types of marine vessels such as ships, boats, oil and gas tankers, containers, passenger ships, ferries etc.

Eligibility: (10+2) or equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and English as separate subjects.



Physical science is the study of physics and chemistry of nature. It overlaps life sciences in a way to include ecology and the evidence of historical facts of evolution.

Eligibility: 10+2 or It’s equivalent with Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry
For IIT’s, it is mandatory to qualify in the Joint Entrance Examinations (J.E.E)



The course in Polymer (plastics and rubbers) technology deals with materials and the application which ranges from construction, packing, decorative items to automobiles, aircraft etc.

Eligibility: 10+2 with Physics, Maths and Chemistry. For IITs, It is mandatory to qualify in the Joint Entrance Examinations (J.E.E). The duration of this course is 4 years



Robotics is an inter-disciplinary course and students of mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, instrumentation engineering or computer engineering can join this field. The Robotics and artificial intelligence are interlaced and there is option at the Master’s level.

Eligibility: 10+2 or equivalent education in Science stream



Textile engineering courses deal with the application of scientific and engineering principles to the design and control of all aspects of fibres, textiles, and apparel processes, products, and machinery.

Eligibility: 10th / 12th for Diploma in Textile Engineering, (10+2) with PCM



Computer science is one of the known courses among engineering aspirants which aims on the basic elements of computer programming and networking. This course includes knowledge of design, implementation and management of information system of both hardware and software. It deals principally with the theory of computation and design of computational systems.

Eligibility: 10+2 with (PCM) and followed by Entrance Test



Cyber Security deals with the study of possible cyber threats and harms – technical, financial or personal. The course equips the professional to deal with many types of cybercrimes such as copyright breach, hacking, illegal mass-surveillance, computer virus, virtual pestering, identity threats, phishing etc.
The interest in technology, innovative ideas, problem-solving prowess, logic & concept are expected from students who wish to join this new and challenging field

Eligibility: 10+2 Science Stream

Medical/ Non-medical Courses for Science Career after 12th Students.

There are two career option for Science with PCB or PCBM. Some related to Medical or Non-Medical courses. Every student, Who is appearing for neet 2020 for medical can got direct information about the Medical Courses from their college prospectus.



Biomedical engineering is the study of engineering as applied in the medical sector such as manufacturing prostheses, medical equipment, diagnostic devices and drugs.

Professionals in this field are known as biomedical engineers. The biomedical engineers utilize the engineering methods and theories to enhance health care. Orthopaedic and rehabilitation engineering, molecular, cellular and tissue engineering are also a part of this discipline.

Eligibility: (10+2) examination with Biology, Maths, Physics, and Chemistry.
For IITs, It is mandatory to qualify in the Joint Entrance Examinations (J.E.E). The duration for the course is 4 years.



Biotechnology engineering is a branch of engineering where technology is combined with biology for research and development. Biotechnology involves a wide range of subjects such as engineering, genetics, biochemistry, microbiology and chemistry.

There are various applications of biotechnology in fields such as animal husbandry, growth of vaccines and medicines, agriculture, pollution control, energy production and conservation, healing of prolonged disease and ecological conservation such as

  1. Gene therapy
  2. Tissue culture
  3. Immune technologies
  4. Genetic Engineering
  5. Drug design
  6. Stem cell techniques
  7. New DNA technologies
  8. Photosynthetic efficiency
  9. Enzyme engineering and technology

Eligibility: (10+2) examination with Biology, Maths and Chemistry. For IITs, It is mandatory to qualify in the Joint Entrance Examinations (J.E.E). The duration for the course is 4 years.



Medical Electronics engineering relates to the combined study of biology with engineering principles for developing artificial organs, prostheses (artificial devices that replace missing body parts), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and other health management systems.

The course also offers specialisation in biomechanics, rehabilitation and orthopaedic engineering.

Eligibility: (10+2) examination with Biology, Physics, Maths and Chemistry. For IITs, it is mandatory to qualify in the Joint Entrance Examinations. The duration of the course is 4 years.



Agricultural Science is the study of the production of food and other goods i.e. plants and living organisms in a systematic and controlled manner. This field incorporates management of farms, horticulture and agri-business activities.

It also gives insights of agrarian scenario of the country and its agriculture industry that manufacture agricultural machinery and equipment and is involved in the procurement and processing of agri-products.

It also studies banking activities for financing and developing farms, research and development for the purpose of improving capacity and quality of farm products and so on. Agricultural science students can specialize in agricultural production and livestock.

Eligibility: 10+2 or equivalent having passed with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Math or Agriculture stream



Biological Science studies life and living organisms, their life cycles, adaptations and environment. There are various fields of study under the biological sciences including biochemistry, microbiology and evolutionary biology.

Eligibility: (10+2) with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as compulsory subjects.



Biotechnology is utilizing the sciences of biology, chemistry, physics, engineering and information technology to develop tools and products to apply to living cells/organisms.

Genetic Engineering
Genetic engineering is the study of knowledge obtained from genetics to alter the reproduction and hereditary processes of organisms. It deals in cloning, in-vitro fertilization, species hybridization or direct manipulation of the genetic material itself by the recombinant DNA technique.

Plant Tissue Culture
Functions in the field of in-vitro regeneration and propagation of plantlets, a Tissue Culture specialist may also be involved in plant germ plasma conservation.

Plant Genetics
Activities to improve plants by evolving new horticultural varieties through hybridization, this work is generally carried out in the laboratories

Eligibility: Pass in 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology/Math/Agriculture.



The Computer Applications course is designed to provide the student with the opportunity to expand and apply technological knowledge.

Eligibility: 10+2 or equivalent in Science



Environmental science is the area of study that deals with the interactions of the physical, chemical, and biological elements of the environment and impact of these upon the living beings and the environment.

Generally, environmental science is considered to be only natural science whereas it includes the study of social science and humanities also. Therefore, it is an interdisciplinary course.

Eligibility: (10+2) examination or equivalent with Physics, Chemistry and Biology.

FISHERY SCIENCES: A career after 12th for fish lover.


Fisheries is a multidisciplinary course that includes the biological study of life, habits and breeding of various species of fish, It involves catching, processing, marketing and conservation of fish.

Eligibility: 10+2 with biological science as one of the subjects

FLORICULTURE / HORTICULTURE; A career after 12th for nature lover.


Horticulture/Floriculture is one of the parts of agriculture that study the art, science, technology, and process of growing plants. It involves fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, herbs, sprouts, mushrooms, algae, flowers, the cultivation of medicinal plants, seaweeds and non-food crops such as grass and ornamental trees and plants.

Eligibility: 10+2 with physics, chemistry and Maths/Biology/ Agriculture.

FOOD TECHNOLOGY; A career after 12th for a foodie.


Food Technology is the study of food science in manufacturing safe, wholesome and nutritious food products. Training in Food technology gives adequate knowledge regarding the quality analysis of raw materials, packaging standards and methodology.

Eligibility: 10+2 education completed in the Science stream, from a recognized educational Board. Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics, Biology/ Home Science as the main subjects at the 10+2 level.

FORESTRY: A career after 12th for jungle dweller


Forestry is the study of sustainably managing and preserving forested resources for the benefit of humans.
It studies ecology, environmental and resource protection, such as wood, water, wastelands, endangered species, clean air, biodiversity and ecosystems in forests

Eligibility: 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, Maths/Biology.

OCEANOGRAPHY; A romantic career after 12th.


The course in Oceanography deals with the physical and biological aspects of the ocean and covers the study of ecosystem, geological and geophysical aspects of oceans; ocean waves currents, plate tectonics etc.

Eligibility: 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Maths/Biology and followed by B. Tech. or B.Sc. in Zoology/ Botany/ Chemistry/ Fishery Science / Earth Science/ Physics/ Agriculture/ Microbiology/ Applied Sciences or equivalent or related subjects. ( Masters’programes are available only).



Veterinary Science is a subject related to the treatment of different animals from domestic pets to farmyard animals. The course content mixes a group of topics like anatomy, animal behaviour, animal husbandry, cell biology, nutrition, physiology, genetics, epidemiology, pharmacology, infectious diseases, pathology and parasitology.

Eligibility: 10+2 with Biology, Chemistry and Physics and to qualify the entrance test conducted by Veterinary Council of India.

Wildlife Biology; A career after 12th for forest lover.


Wildlife Biology involves fieldwork, observing animals in their natural habitats in addition to working in labs and in diverse environments.

Eligibility: 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology.

Zoology; A Career after 12th for animal lover.


A course in Zoology analyses animals and their interactions with ecosystems. It includes the classification and study of physical characteristics, diets, behaviours of animals’ species.

Eligibility: 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology.

AYURVEDA–BAMS: The Oldest Medical Career after 12th.


Ayurveda, an ancient system of medicine evolved approximately around 600 BC in India and has many followers across the world today. Ayurveda makes use of natural – plants, herbs and minerals to produce medicines.

Also included in course of Ayurveda are body massage, meditation and basic dietary plans which according to many practitioners have no side effects as it is based on non-invasive treatment practices.
Ayurveda has been recognized by the World Health Organization.

Eligibility: 10+ 2 with Physics, Chemistry & Biology

DENTAL-BDS; A Easy Medical Career after 12th.


Dentistry deals with teeth, gums, hard and soft tissues of the oral cavity. Today, dentistry is not restricted to treating just tooth decays but also includes cosmetic dental procedures to improve a person’s appearance.

The introduction of new fields like periodontal (care of gums and the diseases), oral pathology (diagnosis for diseases that affect the mouth) and orthodontics (straightening and aligning teeth and jaws) are also part of the BDS course.

Eligibility: 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology
A student needs to appear in NEET to get admission in Bachelor in Dental Surgery Course.

HOMEOPATHY: A medical Career after 12th.


Homoeopathy is practised worldwide for healing, curation and therapeutic purposes. It is an all-inclusive practice of treatment wherein a patient is treated while assessing all aspects of symptoms and health problems for restoration of overall health.

In this unique therapeutic system of treatment, certain natural substances are diluted and used in various forms for the treatment of many ailments.

These courses are designed to give insight about Homeopathy medicine, its foundation, analysis, evaluation, surgery etc. and encompass both clinical and pre-clinical subjects with proper emphasis on theoretical as well as hands-on practical sessions.

Eligibility: (10+2 ) with PCB



Pharmacy is the study of drugs which includes instructions on use, selection, composition, effects and side effects of drugs. It also includes the development of new drugs, ascertaining of quality standards, dispensing of drugs and improvement of existing drugs.

Eligibility: (10+2) with science

SIDDHA: A heritage medicine career after 12th


Siddha is one of the oldest Indian systems of medicine which has its roots in south India and is popular worldwide. Therapeutic in nature, the system works on the belief that human body is made of five basic elements namely, earth, water, fire, air and sky and the treatment deals with balancing these elements for a healthy and disease-free life. The Central Council of Indian Medicine controls the education of Siddha system in the country

Eligibility: 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology/Botany

UNANI is the best option for a career after 12th


Unani means Greece where the Unani System of Medicine originated. BOKHRATH (Hippocrates) founded it in 460 BC approximately and is called as Father of Unani Medicine. Unani medicine works based on ‘humoral theory’ (relating to four bodily fluids) where each humour denotes a precise disposition in a human being.

In Unani medicine, the plants, minerals and animal products are used for healing purposes and the restoration of a person’s original humoral constituents. Unani System is one of the internationally accepted treatments of medicine in present-day also.

Eligibility: For (BUMS)10+2 or equivalent certification with Science



Anthropology is the study of humans, past and present in their cultural and biological conditions. This combination sets anthropology apart from other humanities and natural sciences. In simple terms, anthropology deals with determining what humans are, how they evolved, and how they differ from one another.

Eligibility: (10+2) with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and/ or Mathematics as main subjects.



Physical therapy (or physiotherapy), is an allied health care profession used to prevent and treat many disabilities and diseases. Physiotherapists deal with the remediation of impairments and disabilities to restore physical mobility and help in maintaining quality of life. The therapists use the techniques of examination, evaluation, diagnosis and physical intervention

Eligibility: 10+2 passed or equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.



Rehabilitation Therapy is a method which enables a person to recover from functional limitations after an injury, an illness or addiction. Rehabilitation assists people to restore their mental, emotional, physical, social and vocational wellbeing. Mental illness is also recovered with the assistance of rehabilitation. Physical and occupational therapy are also included in rehabilitation therapy.

Eligibility: 10+2 with science subjects



A paramedical and rehabilitation course, it involves studying the anatomy, physiology, pathology (diseases or disorders), of hearing and speech and rehabilitation. Speech Language is the science of verbal and symbolic expression of thoughts.

Eligibility: (10 + 2) pass or it’s equivalent with Physics, Chemistry, Biology & Mathematics.



Hospital Management is related to various aspects such as purchase of equipment, human resource, and promotion of health services, economic planning, and budget allocation for hospital services.

Eligibility: 10+2 or equivalent with Biology. For some institutes, an MBBS degree is the criteria for admission and for certain courses, Bachelor’s degree (Any stream) is required and Eligibility criteria may vary for different colleges.

All the information I put here are true, in my best of knowledge. If you got any mistake please confirm me on time through your precious message. I think, Now you can set a goal yourself for “career after 12th.”

For Any Further Information Please SIGN UP on the website or contact through comment box.

Contact:- [email protected]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


How to Become Teacher in reputed school and college

Government School and Reputed private school Teacher recruitment procedure, educational qualification, Teacher Training Course and a complete guide to "How…

How to Boost Career After COVID-19 Lockdown in India

Once the COVID-19 lockdown is over, it will be time for a new beginning for us. Planning and action must…

List Of The Best Career Options In Commerce and Science Stream.

Some of the most valuable course after 12 for commerce students that can also be enrolled by Science stream students.…

The Best Career Option For Science, Arts And Commerce Students

Most of the Science, Arts and Commerce student pursuing in 12th class have this doubt" Which courses are best for…