Moon always attracts human heart
Indians are fascinated by Moon since ancient days and now we are ready to land on the Moon. Chandrayaan is the mission toward that dream. ‘Chandrayaan’ in Sanskrit means moon craft. Our former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee announced the mission Chandrayaan on 15th August 2003. India is going to launch second Moon Mission on July 15, aiming to landed near southern pole an unexplored area. Only USA,Russia and China have made successful lunar landing. There are six successful moon mission that have helped humankind get closer to their only natural Satellite.
Mission Chandrayaan dream of Innovative India
Luna 2 (USSR) Launched 12 Sept 1959
Luna program was a series of robotic spacecraft missions sent to the moon by USSR during 1959 to 1976. The first spacecraft to land on another heavenly body transmitted information that helped scientists confirm the earth’s only permanent natural satellite has no magnetic field and that the radiation levels on its surface. On 4 Oct 1959, the USSR’s LUNA 3 prob took first photographs of the Moon.
Luna 16 (USSR) Launched 12 Sept 1970
Luna 16 was the first robotic mission to land on the moon, collect samples of dust and rock, and return to the earth with samples. This is the first spacecraft land in the lunar darkness.
Ranger 7 (USA) Launched 28 July 1964
The Ranger program was series of unmanned space mission by USA in 1960s whose objective was to obtain the first close-up image of the surface of moon. NASA’s Spacecraft went in with cameras blazing and captured more than 4000 photos in the 17 minutes before it collide onto the moon surface. Image from Ranger 9, showed that the moon’s surface is Rough.
Apollo 8 (USA) Launched 21 Dec 1968
The Apollo program designed to land humans on the Moon surface and bring them safely back to the Earth. Six of the Apollo missions succeeded this goal. Apollo 8 was first mission with Astronauts Frank Borman, James Lovell and william Anders orbited the moon and returned to the Earth.
Apollo 11 (USA) Launched 16 Jul 1969
First ever landing of human on the moon surface, Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin became the first men to land on the moon. They returned with 20 Kg of sample. After that five more landing of human on moon took place.
Chandrayaan 1 (India) Launched 22 Oct 2008
Chandrayaan 1 was India’s first satellite to leave earth’s orbit weighted 1304 Kg with the help of PSLV. This lunar craft orbits around moon 100 Km from the moon surface. ISRO invited and selected suitable scientific payloads from international arena. Chanrayaan 1 helped NASA discover water on the moon.
- RADOM from Bulgarian Academy of Science.
- MiniSAR, M3 from NASA (USA)
- C1XS, SIR-2, SARA payload from European Space Agency
Chanddrayaan 2 (India) Launched 15 Jul 2019 (Exp.)
Image Source:- wikipedia
Chandrayaan 2 will be India’s second mission to moon. ISRO is planing to launch this mission using GSLV MK III on Jul 15. It consist of an Orbiter, lander (Vikram) and the moon rover (Pragyan), where the rover would move on six wheels on the lunar surface collect samples of soil or rocks, do a chemical analysis and send data to spacecraft.